Adapting to Adaptation

Climate scientists and many public and business leaders agree that the world must abandon the use of fossil fuels quickly, to stave off the calamitous effects of climate change. This itself will be an enormous adaptation. But, what follows in years to come, for Millenials and their children, as the results of that adaptation? The society and economy will experience seismic shifts. We will all have to Adapt to Adaptation. Based upon our research, IEE uses the post-carbon realities of 2050 to identify the trends of today that will fit into tomorrow. We pick winners and losers in a world of no fossil fuel and limitations in natural resources, in order to guide policy and investment.




Financing Energy Efficiency

Compelling climate, regulatory, economic and financial reasons necessitate scaling up energy efficiency (EE). Buildings in United States consumed nearly 50% of the nation’s energy use, at a cost of over $400 billion in 2013, mostly from fossil fuels. EE is an effective climate mitigation strategy, creates jobs and costs just a third of the energy generation investment. However, implementation of EE measures remains significantly less than might be expected. This paper, in the context of U.S. buildings, examines both the compelling imperatives and barriers in scaling up EE implementation. Five key financing options are examined, analyzing the various stakeholders’ interests in implementation.




GREEN BUILDING – A Retrospective History of LEED Certification, November 2012

Background Briefs for Better Sustainability Decisions, in collaboration with Sustainable Industries Magazine, the first in a series of historical retrospectives on sustainable industry sectors.




Learning from the Eco-Doom Books – September 2012

A review and analysis of four books addressing climate change including Eaarth: Making Life on A Tough New Planet, by Bill McKibben; Requiem for a Species: Why We Resist the Truth About Climate Change, by Clive Hamilton; Hot: Living Through the Next Fifty Years on Earth, by Mark Hertsgaard; and Storms of my Grandchildren – The Truth About the Coming Climate Catastrophe and Our Last Change to Save Humanity, by James Hansen.


Click here for the shorter version of the Eco-Doom Book Review.




Cities and People Project White Paper

About Human Interaction with the Built Environment

IEE’s white paper commissioned by ARUP, a global design and engineering firm, in September 2011.